The mountain of e-waste is growing from year to year (23 kg/German capita/year (source:, 2016)), also because suitable spare parts are not available for many devices or they are difficult to obtain or available at disproportionately high prices. With the help of 3D printing, however, it is possible to contribute to independent commercial and private repair by producing simple spare parts at affordable prices. Mostly, these are functional parts such as knobs, hooks, gears or individual housing parts made of plastic.

The Runder Tisch Reparatur network is campaigning for comprehensive spare parts availability, and the Right to repair alliance at international level.



We press the switch quickly and with our thoughts completely elsewhere. But instead of starting the toaster, turning on the light or turning off the kettle like thousands of times before, the switch breaks. And although the appliance is actually still perfectly fine, we can no longer operate it. A penny item is often responsible for the disposal of an appliance that is in itself fully functional. What used to be a typical case for repair is now increasingly ending up on the annually growing mountain of electronic waste. And this is not least because suitable spare parts are not available for many appliances or are difficult to access.

We are pursuing the goal of making better use of the sustainability potential of 3D printing and creating a networking structure in which spare parts can be produced at affordable prices and installed in otherwise still functional old devices. We want to bring together people with 3D printing know-how from, for example, Makerspaces and FabLabs with initiators of Repair Cafés and repair businesses.

We want to work together to identify hurdles and best practices and develop measures that strengthen 3D printing for spare parts production. In this way, we want to promote the re-use and re-purposing of equipment and save resources that would otherwise be needed for the production of new equipment.


We are two industrial designers with a focus on sustainable conception and product design who initiated the project "Strengthening reuse through repair - using the potential of 3D printing for spare parts procurement" for the Sustainable Design Center e.V. and carried it out from mid-2017 to spring 2019. After the project ended, we continued to pursue the topic of repair using 3D printing and are now active in the projects described below. If you have any questions or suggestions, please do not hesitate to contact us. You can reach us at:

Astrid Lorenzen Hamburg
Anika Paape Köln


In the EU Interreg project SHAREPAIR, we are working for the Prototypes for Europe association with the partner organisations TU Delft and the University of Manchester, among others, to make as many high-quality 3D files as possible available to a broad public of repairers as a basis for 3D printing of spare parts. To this end, we are collecting our own files and want to launch a multilingual metasearch. In addition, a generator is to be developed in cooperation with our associated partner dap (Digital Additive Productions) at RWTH Aachen University, which is to generate the required spare parts in different variants.


The materials provided on this page were created as part of the project "Strengthening reuse through repair - using the potential of 3D printing for spare parts procurement". The project was funded by the German Federal Environment Agency and carried out by the Sustainable Design Center e.V.. The materials are freely available for download under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Licence (CC BY 4.0) and should enable many repairers to get started with the topic.

The aim of the project was to use the sustainability potentials of additive manufacturing processes, i.e. 3D printing, to promote the re-use and re-purposing of everyday devices and thus save resources that would be needed for the production of new devices.

People with know-how about 3D printing technology, who are mainly found in Makerspaces and Fab Labs, were brought together with initiators of Repair Cafés and repair businesses in networking workshops. In the process, hurdles for 3D repair, but also best practices could be identified.


The idea of networking was continued in the project REPARIEREN VERBINDET of the association of open workshops in 2020.


Dieses Projekt wurde gefördert durch das Umweltbundesamt und das Bundesministeriums für Umwelt, Naturschutz, Bau und Reaktorsicherheit. Die Mittelbereitstellung erfolgte auf Beschluss des Deutschen Bundestages.

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